Read the following passage và mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the questions.

Bạn đang xem: Which of the following statements about primary cooperation is supported by information in the passage?

Cooperation is the common endeavor of two more people to lớn perform a task or reach a jointly cherished goal. Like competition and conflict, there arc different forms of cooperation, based on group organization và attitudes. In this form, known as primary cooperation, group & individual fuse. The group contains nearly all of each individual"s life. The rewards of the group’s work are shared with each member. There is an interlocking identity of individual, group, & task performed. Means & goals bccome one, for cooperation itself is valued.While primary cooperation is most often characteristic of preliterate societies, secondary cooperation is characteristic of many modern societies. In secondary cooperation, individuals devote only part of their lives lớn the group. Cooperation itself is not a value. Most members of the group feel loyalty, but the welfare of the group is not the first consideration. Members perform tasks so that they can separately enjoy the fruits of their cooperation in the size of salary, prestige, or power. Business offices and professional athletic teams are examples of secondary cooperation. In the third type, called tertiary cooperation or accommodation, latent conflict underlies the nội dung work. The attitudes of the cooperation parties are purely opportunistic; the cooperation is loose & fragile. Accommodation involves common means to achieve antagonistic goals; it breaks when the common means cease to lớn aid each buổi tiệc nhỏ in reaching its goal. This is not, strictly speaking, cooperation at all, và hence the somewhat contradictory term "‘antagonistic cooperation” is sometimes used for this relationship.Notes:- latent (adj): existing, but not yet very noticeable (ngấm ngầm, tiềm tàng).- antagonistic (adj): showing opposition (trái ngược, đối lập).

Câu 1: What is the authors main purpose in the first paragraph of the passage?

A. to urge readers khổng lồ cooperate more often.

B. khổng lồ explain how cooperation differs from competition và conflict. 

C. khổng lồ offer a brief definition of cooperation.

D. To show the importance of group organization & attitudes.

Câu 2: The word “cherished” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to __________ .

A. agreed on

B. prized

C. mix up

D. defined

Câu 3: Which of the following statements about primary cooperation is supported by information in passage?

A. It was confined to lớn prehistoric times.

B. It is usually the first stage of cooperation achieved by a group of individuals attempting khổng lồ cooperate.

C. It is an ideal that can never be achieved.

D. It is most commonly seen among people who have not yet developed reading and writing skills.

Câu 4:  The word “fuse” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _________ .

A. evolve

B. unite 

C. explore

D. react

Câu 5: According khổng lồ the passage, why vì people join groups that practice secondary cooperation?

A. lớn associate with people who have similar backgrounds.

B. khổng lồ get rewards themselves. 

C. To defeat a common enemy.

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D. to experience the satisfaction of cooperation.

Câu 6: The word “fragile” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning khổng lồ ________ .

A. easily broken

B. inefficient

C. involuntary

D. poorly planned

Câu 7: Which of the following is an example of the third form of cooperation as it is defined in the passage?

A. Students size a study group so that all of them can improve their grades.

B. A new business attempts to take customers away from an established company.

C. Two rival political parties temporarily work together to lớn defeat a third party. 

D. Members of a farming community giới thiệu work và the food that they grow.

Câu 8: As used throughout the passage, the term “common” is closest in meaning lớn which of the following?

A. Popular

B. Shared 

C. Vulgar

D. Ordinary

Câu 9: Which of the following is NOT given as a name of the third type of cooperation?

A. Latent conflict

B. Accommodation

C. Tertiary cooperation 

D. Antagonistic cooperation

Câu 10: Which ofthe following best describes the overall organization of the passage?

A. The tác giả describes a concept by analyzing its three forms.

B. The author compares & contrasts two types of human relations.

C. The tác giả presents the points of view of three experts on the same topic.


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The tác giả provides a number of concrete examples và then draws a conclusion.