Cough headaches

Table of contents What Is a Cough Headache? What Causes a Cough Headache? Cough Headache Symptoms Risks and Complications Cough Headache Diagnosis Cough Headache Treatment How to Prevent Cough Headaches When lớn See a Doctor How K Health Can Help

What Is a Cough Headache? What Causes a Cough Headache? Cough Headache Symptoms Risks và Complications Cough Headache Diagnosis Cough Headache Treatment How to Prevent Cough Headaches When khổng lồ See a Doctor How K Health Can Help

When you think of cough & headache, you might think of illnesses, lượt thích influenza. But if you’ve ever experienced a sudden, painful headache when you cough, sneeze, or blow your nose, then you’ve experienced a common condition called a cough headache.

Bạn đang xem: Cough headaches

There are two types of cough headaches. Primary cough headaches occur episodically as a direct result of a straining action—including coughing, sneezing, blowing your nose, or even singing or laughing—and they go away on their own. Generally, primary cough headaches don’t indicate an underlying medical condition. And since they usually dissipate in a few minutes, primary cough headaches don’t need treatment.

Secondary cough headaches aren’t caused by a cough, but triggered by straining. Secondary cough headaches, which are far less common, can sometimes indicate a structural issue in the brain. If you have any symptoms of a secondary cough headache, it’s important lớn consult with your doctor, who can help you determine the appropriate course of action.

What Is a Cough Headache?

Cough headaches are a type of headache that can occur when a person strains while coughing, sneezing, or blowing their nose. There are two kinds of cough headaches; primary & secondary. Primary cough headaches usually aren’t a cause for medical concern; the headache is caused by the cough (or other straining action), not an underlying health problem. They are also commonly self-limited, which means they appear episodically và go away on their own.

Secondary cough headaches are also triggered by a cough, but they are not actually caused by the cough or straining. These types of headaches generally require medical intervention, as they could be caused by a structural problem in a person’s brain.

What Causes a Cough Headache?

Cough headaches usually occur when a person engages in straining actions, such as:

SneezingBlowing the noseLaughingSingingHaving a bowel movementLifting something heavyAnything that strains the abdomen

The two types of cough headaches each have their own underlying causes:

Causes of a primary cough headache

As painful and frustrating as they can be, a primary cough headache isn’t a reason for concern, since it’s caused by straining and not an underlying medical issue with the head or brain.

Doctors don’t yet understand what causes a primary cough headache. Some doctors theorize that coughing (or other forms of straining) increases pressure in a person’s abdomen and chest, which could also lead khổng lồ an increase of pressure in the brain.

Causes of a secondary cough headache

In most cases, secondary cough headaches are caused by structural problems in a person’s brain. One of the most common causes of a secondary cough headache is Chiari malformation type I, which is a defect involving the part of the brain that đơn hàng with balance.

Some other common causes of secondary cough headache include:

A cerebral aneurysm, which causes weakness in one of brain’s blood vesselsA brain tumorA defect in the shape of the skullA spontaneous leak of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)Low cerebrospinal fluid levelsA subdural hematoma, a collection of blood outside the brain’s tissue

Cough Headache Symptoms

Since primary and secondary cough headaches have different causes, they also come with their own, chất lượng symptoms. It’s important to discuss your cough headaches with your physician or a K doctor so you can determine the cause and proper treatment.

Typically, primary cough headaches:

Begin abruptly during or immediately after coughing or other forms of straining, like sneezing, blowing one’s nose, singing, laughing, or having a bowel movementLast anywhere from a few seconds khổng lồ two hoursCause sharp, stabbing, or explosive painAffect both sides of the head, with more severe pain toward the back of the headMay lead khổng lồ dull, aching pain in the head for hours

Primary cough headaches are more common in men, & they occur more often in people older than age 40.

Secondary cough headaches may include primary cough headache symptoms, along with:

FaintingDizzinessUnsteadinessNumbness in the face or upper limbs

It’s uncommon for people lớn experience migraine headache symptoms like nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to noise or light during a primary or secondary cough headache.

Risks & Complications

Since primary cough headaches aren’t related lớn any specific medical problems, but rather caused by straining activities, there aren’t any associated complications. In very rare cases, someone may have primary cough headache episodes for years.

Generally, once the cause is identified, secondary cough headaches can be resolved with proper treatment. If a person has symptoms of a secondary headache but doesn’t seek medical attention, the headaches and the underlying condition could worsen.

Cough Headache Diagnosis

If you get a headache when you cough, then you have a cough headache. The important thing is for your doctor to lớn identify whether you’re experiencing a primary or secondary cough headache.

Xem thêm: Bài Viết Về Thảm Họa Thiên Nhiên Bằng Tiếng Anh Về Thảm Họa Thiên Nhiên (3 Mẫu)

Since secondary cough headaches can sometimes cause dizziness & fainting, your doctor will likely ask about the specific symptoms you’re experiencing. To rule out a structural issue in your head or brain or other medical conditions, you may have a brain-imaging test like an MRI or CT scan.

Cough Headache Treatment

Since the causes of primary và secondary cough headaches are different, the treatments typically are, too. Your doctor will work with you to identify the type of cough headache you’re suffering from so you can properly treat it.

Primary cough headache treatment

Primary cough headaches usually resolve on their own within four years và don’t require medical interventions like surgery. You can treat your cough headache pain at home, or prevent coughing episodes, with:

Over-the-counter pain-relieving medications: lượt thích acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin) may alleviate symptoms.Over-the-counter cough medications: such as dextromethorphan (Triaminic Cold & Cough, Robitussin Cough, or Vicks 44 Cough và Cold) may prevent coughing episodes.

If you have persistent pain associated with primary cough headaches, your doctor might prescribe you a medication that either prevents or reduces pain associated with cough headaches.

Some of the common medications for cough headache include:

Indomethacin (Indocen or Tivorbex), an anti-inflammatory drugPropranolol (Inderal or Innopran XL), which relaxes blood vessels và reduces blood pressureNaproxen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)Acetazolamide (Diamox), which reduces the amount of spinal fluid & pressure in the skull

If your primary cough headaches stem from pressure in your skull, your doctor might recommend a spinal tap to remove fluid surrounding your brain & spinal cord.

Secondary cough headache treatment

Doctors don’t prescribe preventative medications for secondary cough headaches. These types of headaches usually require treatment since they are the result of an underlying condition in the brain or head.

While the treatment for secondary cough headaches depends on the cause, many cases require surgery. Some of the most common types of surgery related to lớn cough headaches include:

Chiari malformation: People with secondary cough headaches due lớn a Chiari malformation may need surgery to create more space for the cerebellum, which reduces pressure on the brain.Brain tumor: In rare cases, someone might have a secondary cough headache caused by a brain tumor, which could be removed with surgery.Brain aneurysm: Some people with brain aneurysms need surgical intervention to lớn repair a bulging blood vessel in the brain.

Your doctor will help you identify the best treatment option based on what you’re experiencing.

How khổng lồ Prevent Cough Headaches

It’s not always possible lớn prevent a cough headache, but you can decrease the episodes you experience. One of the most effective ways lớn prevent cough headaches is lớn avoid the straining actions that cause them. Some possible ways to lớn prevent cough headaches are:

Taking over-the-counter cough medications if you have a coldAvoiding or quitting smoking

Secondary cough headaches cannot be prevented, since they are caused by a structural problem of the head or brain.

When to lớn See a Doctor

Always talk to lớn your doctor or a K doctor if you have persistent cough headache episodes that cause you pain. You should also speak with a doctor if you have any symptoms of a secondary cough headache, lượt thích fainting or dizziness on đứng top of episodic pain that comes from straining actions.

If you have any of the below symptoms associated with a headache, you should also speak to lớn a doctor:

Headache that changes in intensity when you change position

How K Health Can Help

Did you know you can access online urgent care with K Health?

Check your symptoms, explore conditions and treatments, & if needed, text with a healthcare provider in minutes.

K Health’s AI-powered app is HIPAA compliant và is based on trăng tròn years of clinical data.

Xem thêm: Ielts Cue Card Sample 64

K Health articles are all written and reviewed by MDs, PhDs, NPs, or PharmDs & are for informational purposes only. This information does not constitute và should not be relied on for professional medical advice. Always talk khổng lồ your doctor about the risks & benefits of any treatment.